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Wednesday, May 26, 2010

I have questions on: Sheikh Basfar + Abdul Bari + Suggestion + Qalqalah + Letter Ha + Ash-Shaatibiyyah..

Assalamu Alaykum Brothers,
Mashallah I would like to congratulate you for the hard work and brilliant work produced, by the permission of Allah (swt).
I have questions on: Sheikh Basfar + Abdul Bari + Suggestion + Qalqalah + Letter Ha + Ash-Shaatibiyyah.....
1) First of All, I know that so far you have only mentioned Abdullah Basfar and Sheikh Husary... but are there any other recitors (Hafs an Asim by way of Shatibiyyah) that are just as good (other than Huthaify) with complete Qur'an recordings (CD quality, mp3 if possible) available on the internet ?
2) Third of all, I was wondering whether it was possible for you to add audio examples of each of the rules as it becomes much easier to learn/understand especially for those who do not have immediate access to a good teacher. In particular, for Hafs an Asim by way of Shatibiyyah.
3) Fourth of All, in terms of Qalqalah. I know, within your notes, you mentioned that qalqalah is of two categories... the lesser and the greater, and you mentioned that the lesser occurs when  the qalqalah in is the middle of a word, or at the end of a word, and we are not stopping on that word. The greater occurs when the qalqalah is the last letter of a word, and we are stopping on that word. 
But what about a situation where the qalqalah is at the end of a word and is sakin (not with a tashdeed) and we DO stop on that word... ie the end of verse 19 in surah inshiqaq ( ... tabaq ). So when you stop on 'tabaq' will be pronounce it like the lesser or the greator.. or will it be another category altogether !? Obviously it can't be pronounced like 'Tab' in surah lahab which has a tashdeed..... then how do we pronounce it ?
Also, I was originally taught that it contains three levels of intensity, a sukoon in the middle of a word, a sukoon at the end of a word, and a shaddah at the end of a word.... Could you please clarify this for me .
4) I would like to ask you about the letter 'ha' which seems to be part of the hams and therefore one shaikh when reciting this in surah fatihah verse 5 ( Ihh-di nasiratal mustaqeem ), kind of like enforces the 'ha' and slows down on it before pronouncing the daal after the ha. But why doesn't he pronounce the 'ha' in the same manner when it is the last letter of a word... I mean shouldn't this letter ( ha ) still have the same characteristics and therefore be pronounced in the same way whether in the middle of a word or at the end..  so for example the word 'Raajifah' at the end of verse 6 in surah 'Naazi'aat'. I know that it is actually a 'taa marbutah', but since stopping on it.. it is pronounced like a haa instead of a taa.... so why does the sheikh  recite it much quicker and with less emphasis then the haa in surah fatihah !?
6) Finally, I know in arabic you have written Hafs an Asim min Tareeqi Ash-Shatibiyyah, but should it not be Hafs an Asim min Tareeqati Ash-Shaatibiyaah ? I mean shouldn't there be a taa marbootah at the end of Tareeq ? Much Appreciated. 
Assalamu Alaykum,
Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
Jazakum Allahu khairan for your kind remarks and as you so correctly indicated, anything we have done that is good, is from Allah; and any mistakes we make are from ourselves. 
Just a note to the visitors to the site, it is always better to send multiple questions separately as individual questions and then some of them insha' Allah will most likely be answered in a timely manner.  Multiple questions are longer and take more time to answer and therefore put off to a time when we have more time to research if necessary, and then answer all of them.  Of course we hold no blame on the questioner here, may Allah reward them with khair, for there was no way of them knowing our preference of individual questions.
1.  Of course there are other reciters that are good, but we chose the best with ijaazah, that are easily available whether one listens or downloads from the Internet or chooses to buy the sets of recitation.
2.  That is the best, and we certainly would like to do it for all the rules, but we will have to wait until our time is freed up a bit to be able to undertake that task.
3.  The qalqalah sughra and kubra are natural out comings of the situation.  If we are continuing after the qalqalah, it will not be as noticeable as when we stop on a word with the last letter being a qalqalah letter.  We do not have to think about emphasizing it though when we stop on a word ending with a qalqalah. The difference between a qalqalah letter with a shaddah on it and that without it is that the mechanism of the shaddah (collision then separation of the parts of the articulation point) causes the letter to come out stronger, but the qalqalah which is only on the saakin part of the shaddah is the same with or without the shaddah.  
There are some books that state three levels for the qalqalah, but three levels are not mentioned by the early scholars of tajweed.  For example Imam Ibn Al-Jazaree mentions only two in his prose on tajweed:
He says:
And make clear the qalqalah when it is saakin
And if it is when stopping it is clearer
4  The characteristic that has running of the sound in the  is  , there is also running of the breath () and ideally this running of sound and breath is going to be equal for all  saakinat, but shuyookh are human and it may be they are short of breath at the end of an aayah, or the sound was there but just didn’t come out in the recording.  We always suggest that the students of the Qur’an listen to what is often called al-mujawwad recordings and not the taraweeh recordings. 
5.  The word  is somewhat unique in that it can be used as masculine or feminine in gender.  There are other words like this in the Arabic language.  It is then correct to use the feminine description after it.  The scholars of tajweed refer to   as feminine in the description that follows it, such as in:  and that is how it is written on ijaazah when one gets an ijaazah in the recitation of Hafs ‘an ‘Aasim min tareeq ash-Shatibiyyah.   
You are very welcome.
Wa assalaam alaikum wa rahmatullah.

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