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Sunday, November 22, 2009

What exactly are the different Qiraat? (2)

Please refer to the following:

Please read the attached appendices as well.
With all due respect, the following link represents the more standard, classical view held by Qur'anic exegesis and people of tajwid for the past 1,200 years:

The articles cited offer totally different views. Ihsan I was not able to access the appendices. Can you please post them here.

I also highly recommend An Approach to the Qur'anic Sciences by Mufti Taqi Usmani, which is a masterful summary of the subjects related to ulum al-Qur'an, which also answers your question and was written with the expressed intent to dispel the most common contemporary misunderstandings, which is especially relevant to this thread given that Mufti Taqi Usmani is a Pakistani scholar and the previous article cited represents a contemporary Pakistani school of thought. The book more directly addresses the misconception that the ahruf and qira'at are synonymous, which seems to be the basis upon which the article Ihsan quoted revolves. If I can find an online copy of it, I will be sure to post it, in sha Allah.

Ihsan's article does not treat the ahruf and qirat as the same. Rather, it seems to reject both! It only recognises what it calls the Qir‘āt al-‘Āmmah (the universal reading) which I understand to be the Hafs qiraat.

As far as my question was was concerned, I think that recitors of the different qirat would not be able to read in their respective ways from one mushaf because of the actual mismatch of words between the qirat.

The classical viewpoint seems more interested in trying to unify the various recitations by claiming that all the different qiraat have mutawatir chains of narrations extending upto the Prophet (saw) but the other article clearly shows that these chains are mutawatir only uptill their respective qaris. Moreover it was ironical to know that many of these qaris are not deemed fit for reporting hadith.

May I just point out that the Qiraat are different from recitation : we recite the Holy Quran following one certain Qiraa ( Some learn more than one Qiraa) . There are only ten qiraats but many many recitors . For instance I have learned Quran by heart following the Qiraa of Hafs حفص عن عاصم . Inshallah I intend to recite the Quran in the ten Qiraats .
After going through both the articles I feel that it is more reasonable to conclude that there is only one qirat of the quran. So you should remain content with what you have learnt.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

asalamu alaikum

it was stated

"Moreover it was ironical to know that many of these qaris are not deemed fit for reporting hadith."

this is because these quraat were focused only to the Qur'an and there efforts were not geared towards hadeeth. That is why they were deemed weak in hadeeth by its specialists WHILE accepted as acceptable to accept their dissemination of the Qur'an by these same specialists.

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