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Monday, November 3, 2008

Ruqyah and forbidden forms of treatment for magic, jinn possesion and more


This is the first of a four part series that will give you a introduction to the subjects that I will be going into detail about in the other sections like: magic, the condition of the heart, the legitimacy of seeking medical treatment, types of sihr (magic), types of ruqyah and forbidden forms of treatment for magic, jinn possesion and more. It is imparitive that you have a complete understanding of Islam's creed so I will go over this with you in this section.

I have written this at the best of my present ability to give you all of the proper tools you need to successfully accomplish the practise of doing Ruqyah. This is a very serious subject that deserves much elaboration on its different branches of neccessary knowledge. Learning about Ruqyah is a special and very fulfiling part of ones life. With the proper knowledge of it you can by the permission of Allah help your self and others from the unneccesary oppression of jinn, demons, sihr, envy, regular sickness and poision. I ask you to please read everything even if you are already familiar with the material as it is always a good idea to refresh your memory every so often to ensure that you are at your best mental capacity.

Allah says interpretation of the Quran:

"Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest."

Quran 3:134

"And the men and women who remember Allah frequently, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward."

Quran 33:35

The issue of seeking treatment from spiritual warfare with prayer is called ruqyah. Ruqyah with the Qur'an is a very serious one requiring frank discussion, due to the fact that a number of innovations and superstitions that have no support in the Qur'an, the Sunnah of the Prophet [sallallhu alayhi wa sallam (SAWS)], or the examples of his noble Companions are being practiced in the name of ruqyah and healing through Qur'an.

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Literal meaning of Sihr –

According to Al-Azhari:

Sihr means to make something appear in a form other than the real one

According to Ibn Mandhur:

Sihr means to make something false appear to be real, or makes something appear to people differently from its true form, it means that he has given an object a status other than its real one.

According to A’aisha:

Arabs have given it the name sihr because it can transform good health into illness,

Definition of Sihr- Sihr is an agreement between a Sahir and a satan which stipulates that the sahir commit certain illegal or polytheistic acts, in return for the Satans assistance and obedience in fulfilling the sahir’s requests.

A halal way to cure the evil efffects of sihr is with Ruqyah.
Ruqyah entails reciting the Qur'an and making supplications to Allah, subhanahu wa ta'ala, in order to aid in the treatment of illness and other problems. Ibn Hajar al-Asqalanee said that the definition of ruqyah further includes ta'awwuth, which means to seek refuge. In his words: "There is no disagreement whatsoever (between scholars) as to the permissibility of turning to Allah for help and seeking refuge with Him from whatever happens or is expected to happen."

In this spirit, the primary concern of the present article is to offer sincere advice and warn against the evil deviations that the improper practice of ruqyah may lead to. As we will see, the best defense against ignorance is faith in Allah and sound Islamic knowledge.

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The Condition of the Heart

The heart is normally full and does not allow anything alien to enter it unless something else leaves it first. The believing servant knows his Creator, why he was created and the journey's end after death. In contrast, weak faith in monotheism, weak reliance on Allah and a lack of beneficial knowledge render the heart a breeding ground for devilish insinuations, illusions and trivialities.

Regarding this dangerous condition, Ibnul-Qayyim wrote, "Evil spirits mostly gain control of those having little religious inclination and those whose hearts and tongues faith has deserted - (people) whose souls are desolate of the remembrance of Allah and of the formulas for strengthening one's faith."

The Legitimacy of Seeking Medical Treatment

The Prophet (SAWS) sought medical treatment and ordered his Companions to do so as well. Jabir narrated that the Prophet (SAWS) said, "There is a remedy for every malady, and when the remedy is applied to the disease, it is cured with the permission of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious." (Muslim)

Commenting on this hadith, Ibnul-Qayyim wrote, "The Prophet (SAWS) made cure conditional on applying medicine to the (right) illness. (Just as every creature has an opposite), every disease has an opposite remedy that can cure it…"

In fact, numerous Prophetic ahadith support the view that seeking medical treatment is perfectly acceptable, and even encouraged, in Islam.

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The Prophet's Guidance Concerning Protection and Cure

Our best guidance in life comes from studying the life and habits of the Prophet (SAWS) who showed us what to do in all circumstances. Allah says about him: "He is ardently desirous of your (welfare); and to the believers he is compassionate, merciful." [9:128]

We shall look here at some protective measures prescribed by the Prophet (SAWS) in addition to various remedies for combating the effects of the evil eye and magic.

Protective Measures

Protection against evil in general can be realized by asserting belief in the unity of Allah, finding out about Him through His beautiful names and lofty attributes, offering sincere worship to Him alone, obeying His commands, relying on Him, loving Him and frequently remembering Him. What is required here is remembrance that involves both the heart and the tongue.

Treatment of the Evil Eye

The power to harm others by a look or glance, known as the evil eye, is true. Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet (SAWS) said, "The effect of the evil eye (al-ayn) is real for if there were anything which could overtake destiny, it would have been (the effect of) the evil eye." (Muslim)

To ward off the effect of the evil eye, one should say, upon seeing someone or something that pleases him, "maa shaa-Allah" (only that which Allah wills comes to pass!), and then he should pray to Allah to bless that person or thing.

If the person with an evil eye is known, he should be asked to wash his body and retain ant wasted water that he has used. The water should be poured over the affected person from the back, and he will-with Allaah's leave-recover.

See hadith Sahih by Al-Abani in Sahih al-Jami(3908)

Ibnul-Qayyim said, "Among the formulas of seeking Allah's refuge and those (encompassing) ruqyah are: frequent recitation of surah Al-Falaq, surah An-Nas, surah Al-Fatihah and Ayatul-Kursy. One should also recite Prophetic supplications (related to seeking Allah's refuge and protection)."

Treatment of Magic

One should protect oneself from the effect of magic before it happens. Among other things, this can be achieved by demonstrating sincere devotion and worship to Allah alone, and seeking His protection by frequently remembering Him and by reciting Prophetic supplications at suitable times. As for treating magic after its occurrence, the affected person should be patient with Allah's decree, repent for his sins and insist on receiving treatment only from those (Muslims) who are known for their piety and uprightness.

In Sword against Black Magic & Evil Magicians,Wahid Abdussalam Bali had this to say about the different types of magic (sihr):

"Types of Sihr

Number One
Sihr of Chaldeans who used to worship the seven planets, believing the planets control the world. These are the people Prophet Ibrahiim (Abraham) was sent.

Number Two
Sihr of people who have fantasies and hallucinations. Man's soul has been created weak and is submissive to fantasies.

Number Three
Seeking assistance of worldly spirits (Jinn)who are of two types.
1. Believers in Islaam
2. Disbelievers who are demons
This type of sihr is known as putting a spell on someone or using assistance of jinn to to perform acts of sihr.

Number Four
This includes magic and eye catching trickery.

Number five
Marvelous objects such as geometically-made artwork. This should not be considered as sihr as it is the driving force behind more advanced machines and other marvelous objects.

Number Six
Use of specific medication in foods and ointments, there is no gainsaying the effect of such medication as the effect of hypnotism is clear.

Number Seven
The Sahir will claim they know the supreme name of God and that the jinn obey their command in many things.

Number Eight
Slandering people is one of the softer forms of sihr which is very common among the people."

Forbidden Supplications

Ibn Taimiyyah mentioned that Allah's answering someone's du'aa or fulfilling his wishes does not necessarily mean that the method that person used is acceptable in Islam. Jabir reported that the Prophet (SAWS) said, "Do not supplicate against your own selves, your children, your servants, or your property, lest you should supplicate at a time when supplications are accepted." (Muslim)

Ibn Taimiyyah specified some of the errors that people may make when supplicating to Allah, such as the following:
- Associating partners with Allah.
- Praying for unlawful or undesirable things in Islam.
- Supplicating in a manner that is not pleasing to Him, as Allah says: "Call upon your Lord in humility and in secret. Surely, He does not love the transgressors"

[Quraan 7:55]

According to Ibn Taimiyyah, "There are (some) people who make forbidden supplications, and they get what they ask for but with a great deal of harm. Others also make undesirable (makrooh) supplications and they still get what they ask for…These and similar kinds of supplications are forbidden even if those who make them get their wishes granted. Those who believe in the effect of forbidden supplications are mostly ignorant people who do not realize the conditions for supplication. This generally happens to people who grope in utter darkness, namely the disbelievers, the hypocrites and those who commit major sins so much so that their hearts have become black as a result of sins and thus, they cannot distinguish between truth and falsehood. This is why such forbidden supplications continue to be a source of confusion for those whom Allah has not guided and whose hearts He has not illuminated with knowledge."

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Ruqyah and Supplication

Ruqyah is similar to supplication. While it is preferred to use supplications that the Prophet (SAWS) taught us, Muslim scholars agree that it is also permissible to use supplications he did not teach us. The condition for doing so is that such supplications must not contain forbidden words, nor be forbidden in themselves or bound to lead to forbidden things, such as giving up the supplications that have been reported from the Prophet (SAWS) altogether. However, it is better and safer to adhere to those supplications that the Prophet (SAWS) taught us.

Consider the following hadith, which illustrates this point well: Abu Hurairah narrated that a Bedouin entered the masjid while the Prophet (SAWS) was sitting. He then offered two rak'ahs of salah and said, "O Allah, have mercy on me and on Muhammad, and do not have mercy on anyone along with us. 'The Prophet (SAWS) said to him, "You have narrowed down a thing (Allah's mercy) that is broad." (Ahmed and Abu Dawud)

Types of Ruqyah

There are two main types of ruqyah:
1. Lawful Ruqyah: This is the kind of ruqyah that the Prophet (SAWS) used. It consists of permissible supplications as evidenced by Qur'anic verses and the authentic texts from the Sunnah, but without any additions and without practicing it in an enigmatic manner.
2. Forbidden Ruqyah: This type of ruqyah may contain words of shirk, mysterious charms or anything else deemed forbidden in Islam like using pork, blood and ect...

Permissible Ruqyah

Ibn Hajar said, "Muslim scholars are in unanimous agreement that ruqyah is permissible if (the following) three conditions are met:
1. Only Allah's Words (i.e., the Qur'an), Names or Attributes can be used.
2. It must be in (comprehensible) Arabic or intelligible words in another language.
3. Those taking part must believe that the incantation cannot have an independent effect, but that it is Allah the Almighty who causes it to have effect." (Fath Al-Baree)

As is the case with supplications being permissible so long as they do not contradict the principles of Islam or lead to shirk, the same ruling applies to methods of ruqyah that have not been reported by the Prophet (SAWS). However, such ruqyah should not contain mysterious words or be performed in an enigmatic manner that is reminiscent of the practices of magicians and charlatans.

Ibn Qudamah said, "Imam Ahmed was told about a man who claimed to neutralize magic by putting water in a pot and reciting incomprehensible words among other things. Imam Ahmad then disapprovingly shook his hand and said, I do not know about this (absurd practice)."' (Al-Kafee)

A Muslim should be extremely careful about these matters and always refer to the Qur'an and the Sunnah whenever he comes across something with which he is unfamiliar. Obscure practices that find no support in the Qur'an or the Sunnah should be rejected. Therefore, one should avoid confusion and simply go to the essence of what ruqyah actually is: a means of supplicating to Allah, subhanahu wa ta'ala, through legitimate means coupled with the sincere practice of Islam and belief in Allah.

We conclude our study with the following invaluable quotation from Siddeeq Hasan Khan in his book "Sincere Devotion":

"All acts and supplications that are bound to cure diseases are . . .permissible to practice if the words used in them are from the Qur'an and the Sunnah, or if they are supplications and practices reported from the early pious generation of Muslims, which are free from shirk; otherwise, (such practices) are forbidden and constitute acts of polytheism…"

"Indeed, Allah the Almighty is sufficient for His obedient servants if they are not attached to other than Him and (do not seek) recourse (except with) Prophetic supplications and permissible (types of) medicine. Whoever avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, but he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful. Given that shirk can easily be committed without realizing it, one should exercise extreme caution to avoid it."

Allah Knows Best
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The Authentic Creed by: Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz

Table of Contents
Belief in Allah
Belief in Angels
Belief in the Books
Belief in Messengers
Belief in the Last Day
The Invalidaters of Islam


All praise is due to Allah, and Allah's Peace and Blessings be

upon His Final Messenger, his pure family, his noble

Companions, and all those who follow them with righteousness

until the Day of Judgment.

To proceed:

In view of the fact that the true 'Aqidah, or creed, is the

foundation of Islam, I have decided on ' The Authentic Creed

and the Invalidators of Islam as a title for the present treatise.

It is evident from texts of the Noble Qur’aan and the Sunnah

that a person's words and deeds will not be accepted unless

they emanate from a true creed. If the creed is not authentic,

all words and deeds emanating there from are bound to be

rejected. The Qur'aan says:

"And whosoever disbelieves in Faith then, fruitless is

his work and in the Hereafter he will be among the

losers." (Soorah 5:5)

"And indeed it has already been revealed to you, as it

was to those before you, that if you join others with

Allah in worship, then surely all your deeds will be in

vain, and you will certainly be among the losers."

(Soorah 39:65)

The Verses to this effect are numberless.

The Qur’aan and the Prophetic traditions clearly state that the

true creed is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His

Messengers, the Last Day, and Al-Qadar (Divine Destiny), the

good of it and the bad of it. These six articles constitute the

basis of the true creed with which Allah sent His Book and with

which He sent His Messenger Muhammad !.

These articles also include all aspects of Al-Ghaib (Unseen

World), or in which a Muslim should believe. They also include

all that which Allah and His Messenger have informed us

thereof. The evidence of these articles come from many

Verses of the Qur’aan as well as Prophetic traditions. The

following are but a few examples. Allah says:

"It is not righteousness that you turn your faces

towards east or west; but it is righteousness to believe

in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, the Book and

the Messengers." (Soorah 2:177)

He also said:

"The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to

him from his Lord, as do the believers. Each one (of

them) believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His

Messengers. (They say) 'We make no distinction

between one another of His Messengers.' And they say,

'We hear and we obey. We seek Your forgiveness, our

Lord, and to You is the end of all journeys." (Soorah


He further says:

"O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger,

and the Scripture which He sent to His Messenger (i.e.,

the Qur’aan) and the Scripture which He sent to those

before (him) any who disbelieves in Allah, His Angels,

His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day has indeed

gone far, far astray." (Soorah 4:136)

"Know you not that Allah knows all that is in the heaven

and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al-Lauh

Al-Mahfaz), Verily, that is easy for Allah." (Soorah 22:70)

The authentic Prophetic traditions clearly stating these articles

are also innumerable. We cite the following tradition as an

example. Muslim reported in his Sahih on the authority of

'Umar bin Al-Khattab that when Jibril asked the Prophet !

about Faith, he said:

"Iman or Faith, is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His

Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in

Destiny, the good of it and the bad of it."

This tradition has also been reported by Al-Bukhari on the

authority of Abu Hurairah. From these articles emanate all that

a Muslim should believe with regard to Allah's Right, the Day

of Judgment and all matters pertaining to the Unseen World.

Belief in Allah

Belief in Allah signifies that Allah is the true God Who Alone

deserves to be worshipped, as He is the Creator and the

Sustainer of all human beings. It also signifies that He is also

fully aware of their secret and open words and deeds and is

Able to reward the righteous and punish the disobedient. In

fact, Allah created mankind and the jinn for the sole reason to

worship Him Alone. As the Qur’aan says:

"And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except

that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any

provision from them (i.e., provision for themselves or

for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me

(i.e., feed themselves or My creatures). Verily, Allah is

the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong."

(Soorah 51 : 56-58)

And He said:

"O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who created you and

those who came before you that you may become

righteous. Who has made the earth a resting place for

you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down rain from

the sky, and brought forth therewith fruits as provision

for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in

worship) while you know that He Alone has the right to

be worshipped." (Soorah 2:21,22)

Allah sent the Messengers and sent down the Books to clarify

this Truth, call to it and warn against all that which contradicts

it. The Qur’aan says:

"And verily, we have sent among every Ummah a

Messenger, (with the command), 'Worship Allah (Alone)

and avoid (or Keep away from) At-Taghut (i.e., all false

deities)." (Soorah 16:36)

"And We did not send any Messenger before you but we

revealed to them (saying): La Ilaha illa Ana (none has

the right to be worshipped but I, So worship Me."

(Soorah 21:25)

"(This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected and

then explained in detail from One (Allah), Who is All-

Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things): (Saying)

worship none but Allah. Verily, I (Muhammad) am unto

you from Him a warner and a bringer of glad tidings."

(Soorah 11:1,2)

The reality of 'worship' mentioned in the above-mentioned

Verses is to direct all one s acts to Allah Alone. These include,

amongst other things, supplications, fear and hope, prayers,

fasting, making sacrifices and taking vows. These should be

done in total submission to His Will, fearing His chastisement

and hoping for His Mercy as well as displaying love for Him.

Many Verses of the Qur'aan clearly state this Islamic

fundamental. The Qur’aan says:

"Verily, We have sent down the Book to you in truth: so

worship Allah (Alone), offering Him sincere devotion.

Surely, sincere devotion (worship) is due to Allah

Alone." (Soorah 39:2,3)

"And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but

Him." (Soorah 17:23)

“So, call upon Allah with sincere devotion, making your

worship pure for Him (Alone)(Soorah 40:14)

Al-Bukhari and Muslim also report on the authority of Mu’adh

who said, that the Prophet said:

“Allah’s right upon His slaves is that they should worship Him

Alone and not to associate anyone with Him in worship.”

Belief in Allah also necessitates the belief in all the apparent

obligations including the five pillars of Islam, namely the

declaration that none is worthy of worship except Allah and

that Muhammad ! is His Messenger, performing prayers,

paying Zakah, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and

performing pilgrimage to Ka’bah in Makkah, if one can afford


The mast important of all these pillars is the declaration of

Faith, That none has the right to he worshipped except Allah.

This declaration requires offering sincere devotion to Allah

Alone. Anyone who is worshipped besides Allah is but vain

falsehood, as the Qur’aan says:

"That is because Allah is the Only True God, and those

besides Him whom they invoke are but vain falsehood."

(Soorah 22:62)

We have mentioned earlier that Allah created the jinn and

men to worship Him Alone and that He sent His Messengers

and sent down His Books to explain this fundamental to them.

Many Muslims nowadays have neglected this fundamental and

have thus fallen into ignorance and have, wittingly or

unwittingly, worshipped others besides Allah, hence violating

this right of worship, which is His prerogative.

This belief also necessitates the belief that Allah is the

Originator and Creator of the creation and that He Alone is the

Disposer of their affairs with His Total Will and Absolute

Knowledge. He is also the Master of the present world and the

Hereafter and the Lord of the worlds. There is no creator or

lord but He. He sent the Messengers and sent down the Books

to call them to that which will benefit them in this world and in

the Hereafter. The Qur’aan says:

"Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the

Guardian and Disposer of all affairs." (39: 62)

"Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens

and the earth in six days, then He rose over the Throne

(in the manner that suits His Majesty). He covers the

night with the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created)

the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) are subjected to

His Commandment. Surely, His is the creation and the

commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the

worlds." (Soorah 7:54)

Belief in Allah also necessitates the belief in His Beautiful

Names and Lofty Attributes that are clearly stated in the

Qur'aan and are authentically mentioned by His Prophet

Muhammad !. We should believe in all His Attributes without

changing them, completely ignoring them, twisting their

meanings, or claiming that they resemble human attributes.

Rather, we should believe in these Attributes and describe

Allah in a manner that suits His Majesty and Grandeur, for

none of His creatures resembles Him in any way.

The Qur’aan says:

"There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-

Hearer, the All-Seer." (Soorah 42: 11)

"Invent not similitudes for Allah. Truly, Allah knows and

you know not." (Soorah 16:74)

Such is the creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, the

Companions of the Prophet and those who follow in their

footsteps. Imam Abu Al-Hasan Al-Ash'arI mentioned this creed

in his book 'A1-Maqalat 'an Ashabil-Hadithi wa Ahlis-Sunnah. '

Other leading scholars have also mentioned this true creed in

their works.

Imam A1-Awza said:

"Az-ZuhrI and Makhul were inquired about the Verses which

talk about Allah' s Attributes and they replied, 'Leave them as

they are." That is, do not interpret them.

Al-Walid bin Muslim said:

"Malik, A1-Awza'i, Al-Laith bin Sa'd, and Sufyan Ath-Thawri,

may Allah have mercy upon them, were asked about the

narration concerning Allah's Attributes, and they all said to

believe in them all without interpreting their meanings."

Al-Awza'i said:

"We used to say in the presence of At-Tabi'un, the successors

of the Prophet's Companions, that Allah is over His Throne,

and we believed in all the Prophetic traditions concerning

Allah's Attributes."

When Rabi'ah bin Abu 'Abdur-Rahman, the teacher of Imam

Malik, was asked about the Verse, "Allah rose over His

Throne." (Soorah 7:54), he replied:

"Allah's rising over the Throne is not to be denied, to imagine

the manner in which this is done is impossible, the Message is

from Allah, the Prophet conveyed this Message, and we have

to believe in it as it is."

When Imam Malik himself was inquired about the manner in

which Allah rose over the Throne, he replied: "Allah's action of

rising over the Throne is known, the manner in which this was

done is not known, the belief in this matter is obligatory, and

inquiring about this manner is an innovation in religion, or


Then he addressed the inquirer thus, "You are but an evil

person." Then he asked people around him to send him out.

Umm Salamah, the Prophet's wife, is reported to have made

the same statement.

Imam Abu 'Abdur-Rahman 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said in

this connection:

"We know that our Lord, Glorious is He, is over His Throne and

over His heavens, distinct from His creation."

The religious scholars have written so much on this subject

that it is impossible to quote them all in this treatise. Whoever

is interested to find out more about this subject can refer to

works written by scholars of Sunnah in this regard. These

include, among other things, 'Abdullah bin Imam Ahmad's As-

Sunnah, Muhammad bin Khuzaimah's At-TawhId, Abul Qasim

At-Tabari's As-Sunnah. One can also refer to Imam Ibn

Taimiyyah's reply to the people of Hamat, Syria, in which he

delineated the belief of Ahius-Sunnah. He also included in this

reply the statements of Ahlus-Sunnah as well as logical and

textual evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah supporting

their position and exposing their opponents' opinions. He also

dealt with the subject in his treatise known as Ar-Risalatu At-

Tadmiriyyah in which he cited the belief of Ahlus-Sunnah along

with logical and textual evidence from the Qur'aan and the

Sunnah, leaving no room for argument for the objective

seekers of Truth.

Whoever adopts other than the position of Ahius-Sunnah as to

the issue of Allah's Names and Attributes will certainly

contravene massive logical and textual evidence from the

Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

Ahlus-Sunnah have confirmed all the Names and Attributes

that Allah confirmed for Himself either in the Qur'aan or

through the authentic traditions of the Prophet !, without

changing them completely, twisting their meaning, ignoring

them or likening them to those of His creatures. They have

taken into account all possible proofs and have thus avoided

falling into obvious contradictions. It is Allah's Plan to make

the argument of those objective and sincere seekers of the

Truth supreme:

"Nay, We hurl the Truth against falsehood, and it

destroys it, and behold, falsehood is vanished." (Soorah


"And no question do they bring to you but We reveal to

you the Truth and the best explanation (thereof)."

(Soorah 25:33)

Commenting on the Verse:

"Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens

and the earth in six days, then He rose over the Throne

(in a manner that suits His Majesty)." (Soorah 7:54)

The renowned exegete of the Qur’aan, or Mufassir, Al-Hafiz

Ibn KathIr said:

"People in this regard adopt far too many different opinions,

which are not possible to cite here. However, we adopt in this

regard the position of (the righteous predecessors), As-Salafus-

Salih, past and present, such as Malik, Al-Awza'i, Ath-

Thawri, Al-Laith bin Sa'd, Ash-Shafi'i, Ahmad and Ishaq bin

Rahwaih. They all believed in Allah's Attributes without

twisting their meanings, ignoring them completely, or likening

them to those of His creatures."

And whatever image comes to our minds about Allah should

be rejected, for "there is nothing like unto Him, and He is

the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." (Soorah 42:11)

Nu'aim Al-Khuza'i, the teacher of Imam A1-Bukhari, said:

Whoever likens Allah to His creatures is a disbeliever, and

whoever denies the Attributes that Allah ascribes to Himself is

a disbeliever. It is impossible to liken Allah to any of His

Creatures. Guided are those who confirm to Allah the

Attributes, in a manner suiting His Majesty, mentioned in the

clear Qur’aanic Verses and authentic Prophetic traditions and

rejects all blemishes as to Allah's Attributes."

Belief in the Angels (Malaikah)

A Muslim should believe in all Allah's angels, whom He created

to worship Him and whom He describes as "honored slaves."

(Soorah 21 :26) and that:

"He knows what is before them, and what is behind

them, and they cannot intercede except for him with

whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of

Him." (Soorah 21:28)

The angels fall into different categories and they are assigned

different duties. There are, amongst others, those who bear

the Throne of Allah (Soorah 40:7), those who guard Paradise

and Hell, and those who record the slave's deeds, to mention

but a few.

A Muslim should believe in those whom Allah named such as

Jibril (Gabriel), Mika'il, Malik the Guardian of Hell-fire, and

Israfil, who is in charge of blowing in the Trumpet.


Aishah reported that the Prophet said: "The angels were

created from light, the jinn were created from a smokeless

flame of fire, and Adam was created from what has been

described to you." (Muslim)

Belief in the Books


A Muslim should believe that Allah had sent down Books upon

His Prophets and Messengers to clarify His Right and to call to

it, as the Qur’aan says:

"Indeed We have sent Messengers with clear proofs,

and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance

(Justice) that mankind may keep up justice." (Soorah


"Mankind were one community and Allah sent Prophets

with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent

the Scripture in truth to judge between people in

matters wherein they differed." (Soorah 2:2 13)

A Muslim should also believe in the Revealed Books that Allah

named, such as the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, and the

Qur’aan. The Glorious Qur’aan is the final and the best of all

these Books. It confirms the Scriptures that came before it

and is a witness over it, testifying the truth and falsifying the

falsehood therein. All Muslims should follow its commands,

shun its prohibitions and refer to its rulings to settle their

differences. They should also follow the authentic Sunnah of

the Prophet ! because Allah sent Muhammad ! to both the

jinn and mankind and sent down the Noble Qur’aan to judge

between them. He also made it a healing for the diseases,

such as hypocrisy, ignorance and doubt, an exposition of

everything, and a guidance and mercy for those who believe.

The Qur’aan says:

"And this is a Book (i.e., the Qur’aan) which We have

sent down as a blessing, so follow it and fear Allah, that

you may receive mercy." (Soorah 6: 155)

"And We have sent down to you the Book (i.e., the

Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a

mercy, and glad tidings to Muslims." (Soorah 16:89)

"Say (O Muhammad): 'O mankind! I am sent to you all

as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belongs the

dominion of the heavens and the earth there is no God

worthy of worship but He; it is He Who gives life and

causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger,

the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.,

Muhammad !), who believes in Allah and His Words:

follow him that you may be guided." (Soorah 7:158)

The Qur’aanic Verses to this effect are many.

Belief in the Messengers

A Muslim should believe in all Allah's Messengers without

exception. He must believe that Allah sent mankind

Messengers from amongst them as warners, bearers of glad

tidings, and callers to the Truth. Whoever follows them will

certainly attain bliss and happiness, and whoever disobeys

them will be doomed and disgraced. Muhammad ! was the

best of all these Messengers. Allah says:

"And assuredly We have sent amongst every people a

Messenger (proclaiming), ' Worship Allah (Alone) and

avoid the worship of Taghut (false deities)." (Soorah


"Messengers who gave good news as well as warning in

order that mankind should have no plea against Allah

after the Messengers." (Soorah 4:165)

"Muhammad is not the father of any man among you,

but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last of the

Prophets." (Soorah 33:40)

A Muslim should also believe in those Prophets and

Messengers that Allah or His Messenger was authentically

reported to have named, such as Nüh, Hud, Salih, and Ibrahim

alaihum as-salaam

Belief in the Last Day

Belief in the Last Day includes the belief in all that which will

happen after death and about which Allah and his Messenger

! informed us. This includes the trial in the grave, the torment

or the bliss therein. This also includes the belief in all that will

be witnessed on the Day of Judgment, such as the Bridge set

over the Hell-fire, The Balance, Reckoning, Reward and

Punishment, the giving of the records, which the successful

believers will be given in their right hand while the wretched

disbelievers will be given in their left hand behind their back.

This also includes the belief in the River that will be given to

Prophet Muhammad !, belief in Paradise and Hell-fire, belief in

the believers' looking at their Lord and His talking to them. A

Muslim should believe in all these facts and others that are

clearly mentioned in the Qur’aan and authentically reported to

have been said by the Prophet.

Belief in the Divine Destiny

Belief in the Qadar (Divine Destiny) comprises four things:

First, the belief that Allah knows what has been and what will

be; He is Aware of everything concerning His slaves, knows

their provision and sustenance, their appointed terms on

earth, their deeds, and everything else relating to them.

Nothing is hidden from Him. The Qur’aan says:

"Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything." (58:7)

"That you may know that Allah has power over all

things, and that Allah comprehends all things in (His)

Knowledge." (Soorah 65:12)

Second, the belief that He keeps all that He decrees in a Clear

Book, or Al-Lauh-Al-Mahfuz, as the Qur’aan says:

"We know that which the earth takes of them (their

dead bodies), and with Us is a Book preserved (i.e., the

Book of Decrees)." (Soorah 50:4)

"And all things We have recorded in a Clear Book."

(Soorah 36:12)

He further says:

"Know you not that Allah knows all that is in heaven

and on earth? Indeed, it is all in a Book (Al-Lauh-Al-

Mahfuz), and that is easy for Allah." (Soorah 22:70)

Third, the belief that His Will is absolute and powerful and that

whatever He decrees will be, and whatever He does not decree

will never come to pass:

"Verily, Allah does what He wills." (Soorah 22:18)

"Verily, when He intends a thing, His Command is, 'Be',

and it is." (Soorah 36:82)

"And you will not will except as Allah Wills, the Lord of

the worlds." (81:29)

Fourth, the belief that He is the Sole Creator of all things, as

the Qur’aan says:

"Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the

Guardian and Disposer of all affairs." (39:62)

"O mankind! Remember the Grace of Allah Upon you! Is

there a creator other than Allah who provides for you

from the sky and the earth? There is no God worthy of

worship except He. How then are you turning away

(from Him)?" (Soorah 35:3)

Belief in the Divine Destiny, therefore, comprises all these four

categories. This is the position of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah.

Only those who yield to innovations in religion deny some of

these categories.

The belief in Allah also includes the belief that Faith comprises

both words and deeds, that this Faith increases with acts of

obedience and decreases as a result of committing acts of

disobedience, and that it is not permissible to accuse a Muslim

of disbelief, or Kufr, as a result of committing acts of

disobedience and major sins, such as adultery, stealing, usury,

drinking alcohol, and disobedience to parents, as long as he or

she does not regard these sins permissible. The Qur’aan says:

"Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up

with Him in worship, but He forgives anything else, to

whom He pleases." (4:116)

Authentic Prophetic traditions also state that Allah will

ultimately take out of Hell-fire whoever has an atom's weight

of Faith.

Belief in Allah also necessitates love for His sake, hate for His

sake, and making friends and enemies for His sake. A true

believer loves the believers and takes them for friends, and

shows hate towards the disbelievers and does not take them

for friends. The best of the believers one should love are the

Companions of the Prophet !. Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah love

them and believe that they are the best of mankind after the

Prophets, as the Prophet said in the well-known authentic


"The best of generations are my generation, then those

who follow them, then those who follow them."

They also believe that the best of them are in the following

order: Abu Bakr, then 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, then 'Uthman bin

'Affan, then 'Ali bin Abi Talib. Then there are those

Companions who were given the glad tidings of entering

Paradise, then the rest of the Companions. They keep their

tongue in check regarding the arguments that arose amongst

them and believe that they did their best to do only that which

they believed was right. Whoever was right in his judgment

would get a double reward, and whoever was wrong in his

judgment would get one reward. They also love the believing

members of the family of the Prophet and his wives the

Mothers of the Believers.

They free themselves from the position the Sheite Sect holds

in this regard. They (the Sheites) hate the Prophet's

Companions, blaspheme them, and place the Prophet's family

members in a position higher than that Allah chose for them.

They also declare themselves free from the position held by

An-Nawasib who harm the Prophet's family members in word

and deed.

What we have mentioned in this brief treatise on the true

creed with which Allah sent His Messenger ! represents the

belief of the Saved Sect, that of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama 'ah,

about which the Prophet said:

"A group of my followers will continue to be given

victory while holding on to the Truth, no harm will be

done to them by those who forsake them until Allah's

Command comes to pass."

He also said:

"The Jews were divided into seventy-one sects, the Christians

were divided into seventy-two sects, and my followers will be

divided into seventy-three sects which will all be (punished) in

Hell-fire with the exception of one."

When the Companions asked him to identify it, he replied:

"Those who are upon that which my Companions and I


Indeed, this is the authentic creed one should follow.

Those who contradict and deviate from this belief fall into

many categories. They include, among others, those who

worship idols, angels, saints, the jinn, trees, and stones.

These people have not followed the call of Allah's Messengers;

rather they stubbornly rejected their call. This is exactly what

the Quraish and some other Arab tribes did when Prophet

Muhammad ! came with the Truth from His Lord. They used

to beseech their false gods to fulfill their needs, heal their sick,

and grant them victory over their enemy. They would also

offer sacrifices to them and make vows in their names. When

the Prophet ! disapproved of their foolish beliefs and called

them to worship Allah Alone and not to associate any partner

with Him in worship, they replied:

"Has he made the gods (all) into one God? Truly this is

a strange thing!" (Soorah 38:5)

The Prophet did not yield to despair. He continued calling them

to worship Allah Alone, warning them against associating

others with Him in worship, and explaining to them the reality

of Islam. His efforts eventually paid off when they entered

Allah's religion in crowds. Islam then reigned supreme and

prevailed over all religions due to the huge efforts made by

the Prophet, his Companions, and those who followed them in

righteousness. The situation changed again after ignorance

dominated and an overwhelming majority of people reverted

to their foolish, ignorant practices, including the commission of

all forms of Shirk. This phenomenon is increasingly spreading

in our present-day society because of ignorance.

The argument these people put forward is not different from

that of their predecessors, namely:

"These are our intercessors with Allah." (Soorah 10:18)


"We only worship them in order that they may bring us

closer to Allah." (39:3)

Allah refuted this false claim and made it clear to them that

worshipping any other person or thing other than Allah is

blatant Shirk and disbelief. The Qur’aan says:

"They worship, besides Allah, what can hurt them not

nor profit them, and they say: 'These are our

intercessors with Allah." (Soorah 10:18)

Allah refuted this claim in the same Verse thus:

"Say: 'Do you indeed inform Allah of something He

knows not, in the heavens or on earth? Glory be to Him!

And far is He above the partners they ascribe to Him!”

(Soorah 10:18)

These Verses clearly indicate that worshipping Prophets, saints

and others besides Him is a major form of Shirk, which is an

unpardonable sin. Only those who commit it have invented

this name. The Qur’aan says:

"We only worship them in order that they may bring us

closer to Allah." (Soorah 39:3)

Allah refuted their false claim thus:

"Truly Allah will judge between them in that wherein

they differ. But Allah guides not him who is a liar and a

disbeliever." (Soorah 39:3)

In this Verse, therefore, Allah makes it crystal clear that the

worship they offer to other than Him, whether in the form of

invocation, hope, fear or otherwise, is blatant disbelief. He

also calls them liars when they claim that their false gods

bring them closer to Allah.

There are a number of ideologies and philosophies in our

present time which contradict this true belief in every detail.

The followers of these ideologies and philosophies, which were

invented, by Marx, Lenin and others who call to atheism and

disbelief, give their beliefs different names, such as socialism,

communism, and Ba'thism. These people are in essence

disbelievers, because they do not believe in the Last Day,

Paradise and Hell. They also reject all religions because they

claim that there is no god and that life is only matter. Those

who follow these ideologies and philosophies will certainly bear

the worst of consequences both in this life and in the


Other beliefs, which contradict the true belief, include Al-

Batinyyah and Sufism whose followers believe that their socalled

saints are Allah's partners in His rule and disposition of

the world's affairs. They give them such names as Aqtab,

Awtad, and Aghwath. Indeed, this is the worst form of Shirk

with relation to Allah's Lordship; it is even far worse than the

form of Shirk which was prevalent in Pre-Islamic Arabia, for

the Arabs at that time joined partners with Allah only in

worship not in His Lordship. As the Qur’aan says:

"And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah,

making their Faith pure for Him only: but when He

brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of

their worship to others.” (Soorah 29:65)

"If you ask them who created them, they will certainly

say, 'Allah." (Soorah 43:87)

"Say: 'Who provides for you from the sky and from the

earth? Or who has power over hearing and sight? And

who brings out the living from the dead and the dead

from the living? And who rules and regulates all

affairs?' They will certainly say, 'Allah.' Say: 'Will you

not then show piety (to Him)?" (Soorah 10:31)

Those who commit Shirk these days are worse than their

predecessors in that some of them join partners with Allah in

Lordship and that they commit Shirk in both times of ease and

hardship. This is quite obvious from their practices at the

shrines of Al-Hussein, Al-Badawi and others in Egypt, the

shrine of Al-Eidarous in Aden, the shrine of Al-Hadi in Yemen,

the shrine of Ibn 'Arabi in Syria, the shrine of 'Abdul-Qadir Al-

Jilani in Iraq, and other well-known shrines across the Muslim

World. To make matters worse, there are only a few people

who take great pains to remind these ignorant people of the

reality of TawhId with which Allah sent His Messenger. We

pray to Allah Almighty to guide them to the Truth and to help

Muslim leaders combat and uproot this phenomenon.

Of the beliefs that contradict the true belief with regard to

Allah's Names and Attributes are the beliefs held by Al-

Jahmiyah and Al-Mu'tazilah sects and their likes. These sects

completely ignore Allah's Lofty, Perfect Attributes as though

He is non-existent or an inanimate being! Far is He above

what they say about Him!

Al-Asha'irah is another sect that deny some of the Attributes

while confirming others, thus contradicting clear logical as well

as textual evidence from the Qur’aan and authentic Prophetic


The correct and true belief is that of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-

Jama'ah who confirm all the Names and Attributes that Allah

has confirmed for Himself in the Qur'aan or through His

Prophet. They set Him far above His creation, as there is no

one who bears resemblance to Him in anything. They refer to

all proofs in the Qur'aan and the Sunnah without twisting the

meaning thereof in the least. In this way they avoided

confusion into which others have fallen. This belief is the way

to salvation and bliss in this life and in the Hereafter. It is the

Straight Path, which was followed by the pious predecessors

and their leaders. The condition of the present-day Muslims

will not be rectified except by following the same path of the

predecessors who held tight to Allah's Book and the Sunnah of

His Messenger and shunned all that contradict them.

The Invalidators of Islam

You should know, dear Muslim brother, that Allah made it

obligatory upon all His slaves to enter Islam and hold on to it,

and warned them against following other than Islam. He also

sent His Prophet Muhammad to call mankind to it. Allah has

informed us in the Qur’aan that guided are those who follow

the teachings of Islam, and misguided are those who reject

them. He warned us in many Verses against the causes of

apostasy and all forms of Shirk and disbelief Religious scholars

have mentioned that there are a number of invalidators that

are bound to take one out of the fold of Islam. For the sake of

attaining salvation in the Hereafter, I have briefly cited in the

following pages, with some explanation, the ten most critical

of these invalidators so that you will avoid them and make

others aware of them.

1 . To associate others with Allah in worship.

The Qur’aan says:

"Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners with

Him in worship, but He forgives whom He pleases other

sins than this." (Soorah 4: 1 16)

"Whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, Allah

will forbid him Paradise, and the Fire will be his abode.

For the wrongdoers there are no helpers." (Soorah 5:72)

Forms of worship include calling upon the dead, seeking their

assistance, offering sacrifices to them, and taking vows in

their names.

2. To set up intermediaries between oneself and Allah, seeking

their intercession and putting absolute trust in them. Those

who do so are unanimously considered disbelievers.

3. Not to accuse polytheists and those who commit Shirk or

disbelief, to be in doubt as to their being disbelievers, or to

approve of their beliefs.

4. To believe that the Prophet's guidance is not complete or

perfect or that other people's ruling and judgment is better

than his. Those who prefer the rule of false gods are blatant

5 . Those who hate anything that the Prophet came with are

also disbelievers even if they act upon them. The Qur’aan


"That is because they hate that which Allah sent down,

so He has made their deeds fruitless." (Soorah 47:9)

6. Those who ridicule anything that Islam came with, such as

punishment and reward in the Hereafter, are disbelievers. The

Qur’aan says:

"Say: 'Was it at Allah, and His Signs, and His Messenger,

that you were mocking? Make no excuse; you have

rejected Faith after you had accepted it." (9:65,66)

7. Magic in all its forms, including turning someone away from

somebody that he or she loves, and making someone love

someone or something he or she does not normally like.

Whoever practices magic or approves of it is a disbeliever, as

evidenced by the Qur’aanic Verse that says:

"But neither of these (two angels) taught anyone (such

things) without saying, We are only for trial, so

disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." (Soorah


8. To take the disbelievers for friends, give them support and

assistance against the Muslims is an act of disbelief. The

Qur’aan says:

"And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship)

is of them. Verily Allah guides not a people unjust."

(Soorah 5:51)

9. Those who believe that it is in their power or authority to

forsake the law of Islam are disbelievers. The Qur’aan says:

"And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will

never be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will

be one of the losers." (Soorah 3:85)

10. To turn away from Islam and to stubbornly refuse to learn

its teachings or act upon them. The Qur’aan says:

"And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of

the Signs of his Lord, then he turns away there from?

Verily from those who transgress We shall exact (due)


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For further information please read Spiritual Warfare Prayer II and
Spiritual Warfare Prayer III

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